高考定语从句翻译与改错练习

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bu ke yi更多追问追答追问为什么?I don't know the exact time (when/ that) the sports meeting will take place. 我不知道运动会举办的确切时间。追答用 when追问是否可理解为省略?追答when 在这里不可以省略。追问用作时间状语的关系副词when通常不能省略,但有一种特殊情况,即用于day, year, time等少数几个词后时可以省略追答when在这里做的是连接副词。 你说的那一种情况应该是 It's time to have lunch.=It's time when to have lunchwww.egvchb.cn防采集请勿采集本网。

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因转码可能存在排版等问题,敬请谅解!以下文字仅供您参考:

whom-who/that 去掉it It is in the old facotry where Jack parks his car. which-why in which-on which或者when

the Attributive Clause 定语从句复习

The dictionary which【is】bought for me by my father cost a lot of money.I have the same idea as【he has】The games【in which】the young man joined were difficult to play This is all【that】

1.定语从句类型

1 不是定语从句,是同位语从句。which 改为that 2 when 改为 that 或which 关系词在这里做spend 的宾语 3 that 改为which 介词后不能用that 4 where 改为which 5 were 改为was 前面用the only one of 6

限定性定语从句 非限定性定语从句 有逗号隔开

改错:She used to help my brother who was very kind of her.Do you still remember the day that we spent together in China last year?The way in which you look at problems is wrong.we were

关系代词 6个 2.定语从句关系词 关系副词 3个

family 这里不是家庭的意思,而是家人、亲戚的意思,所以这里是人。指代人用who或者that,指代物才用which或者that

关系代词 that which who whom whose as

关系副词 when where why 怎样判断一个从句是不是定语从句 概念:定语从句又叫形容词性从句,即一

个句子修饰一个名词的结构

The boy who got injured in the accident was sent to hospital immediately 判断以下句子是不是定语从句并选择 I advise you to cancel ___is thought unnecessary.

He remembered the weekends ____ he climbed mountains.

We took a picture_____ there is a tower.

A. What B. when C. that D. where E. which 考点一:如何判定用关系代词还是用关系副词 1.I’ll never forget the days_w__h_e_n__/_in__w__h_i_c_h_ we worked together. 2.I’ll never forget the days ___w_h__ic_h____ we spent together. Vt. 3.I went to the place where/ in which I worked ten years ago. 4.I went to the place ___w__h_i_c_h__ I visited ten years ago. Vt. 5.This is the reason ____w_h__y_/_f_o_r__w_h__ic_h__ he was late. 6.This is the reason ___t_h_a_t_/w__h_i_c_h___ he gave. Vt. 只用 that不用 which

①当先行词为all, much, little, few, none, something, anything, everything, nothing等 不定代词时 a. All that can be done has been done. b. I am sure she has something (that) you can borrow. ② 先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much修饰时:

I’ve read all the books (that) you gave me.

③先行词是序数词或形容词最高级修饰时。

1. This is the best book (that) I’ve ever read. 2. This is the first composition (that) he has

written in English. ④先行词被the only, the very, the last 修饰时。

That white flower is the only one (that) I really like. This is the very book (that) I want to find.

⑤ 当有两个或两个以上分别表示人和物的先行词时, 这个定语从句要用that而不用who (whom)和which 引导。如:

He talked about the teachers and schools (that) he had visited. 用which不用that 1.非限定性定语从句 2.在介词加关系代词中 练一练:that 与 which

1) Do you have anything _t_h_a_t__ you don’t understand?

2) The only thing _t_h__a_t we can do is to give you some advice.

3) Who is the man t_h_a_t__ is standing there?

4) She heard a terrible noise, ___w_h_i_ch brought her heart into her mouth. 考点三:the way用做先行词

填上合适的关系词并分析原因: 1.The way _t_h_a_t/_i_n_w__h_ic_h_/_不__填__he explained the

sentence to us was not difficult to understand. 2.The way __t_h_a_t/_w__h_i_ch__/不__填___he explained to us

was quite simple.缺宾语

缺少主语或宾语: 引导词用that / which / 不填(缺宾语时) 主语宾语都不缺: 引导词用that / in which / 不填 高考题链接:

3. What surprised me was not what he said but _____ he said it. (湖北) A. the way B. in the way that C. in the way D. the way which 试一试 介词加关系代词

1. Do you know the boy _to_ w__h_o_m__ your mother is talking?

2. I still remember the dayo_n__w_h_i_c_h I first got to Paris.

3. He gave me some novels __w_i_t_h _w_h_i_c_h_ I am not very familiar. 考点四:介词+关系词总结定语从句句首为介词时,后可接的关系词为: 介词+whom / which / whose

e.g. I recognized the boss in whose company my sister was working. 介词的选用原则

1)根据定语从句中谓语动词的习惯搭 配来决定。如:

①This is the camera _O_n__w_h_ic_h_ I spent 6

yuan. spend money on sth.为固定搭配 ②This is the camera _F_o_r_w__h_ic_h_ I paid 6

yuan. pay money for sth.为固定搭配 2)根据先行词的搭配习惯来决定。如:

①I remember the day O__n_w_h_i_c_h I came to my tower of ivory. 强调在具体某一天要用介词on ②I remember the days _d_u_ri_n_g_w_h_i_c_h I

visited Paris.

强调在某几天时间内要用介词during 3) 根据从句中动词与先行词的逻辑关系。

Is that the newspaper _f_o_r_w_h_i_c_h_ you often write articles? 难点一:as的用法

ashat\which 1. It is such a big stone __a_s__ nobody can lift. 2. It is such a big stone _t_h_a_t_ nobody can lift it. 3. __A__s__ is known to all, he is the best student.

归纳: as引导限制性定语从句先行词前常被such, the same, so, as 修饰,即构成such…as , the same …as, so…as, 结构,as在定语从句中应充当成分如:主语、 宾语或表语。 注意

as 与which引导非限制性定语从句都能指代 整句内容,

The earth is round,_w__h_ic_h_/_a_s_ is known to all. __A__s _ is known to all, the earth is round. 难点二:一些特殊词之后的where

where引导的定语从句先行词大多数情况下是 表示地点的名词,但也有特殊情况。

1. I’ve come to the point where I can’t stand him.

我已经到了无法容忍他的地步了。

解析:如果定语从句分别修饰point, situation, part, condition和case等表示抽象意义的词,常用where 引 导,意思是“到了某种地步,在某种境况中” 。 比较一下:

1.We are trying to reach a point ____ both sides will sit down together and talk. (山东) A. which B. that C. where D. when

不缺成分用where,缺宾语用that/which/不填 1. After living in Paris for fifty

years he returned to the small

town _____ he grew up as a child.

(NMET)

A. which

B. that

C. where

D. when 2. The film brought the hours back to

me______ I was taken good care of

in that faraway village.

(NMET)

A. until

B. that

C. when

D. where 3. __D__ is reported, the storm will last

for a long time.

___B___is reported is that the storm

will last for a long time.

A. That

B. WhatC. ItD. As 4. The car ____ owner is a musician is in

good condition.(湖北)

A. whom

B. whose

C. that

D. which 5. I don’t like the way_____turists were treated in Sanya.

A. on which

B. in which

C. in that

D. where 例析:定语从句易错点

? 易错点一:关系代词和关系副词的混用

e.g. 1. I’ll never forget the days when I spent in New

York with you.

2. I’ll never forget the days which I visited

New York with you. 易错点二:固定句式出错

e.g. 1. Mary is so lovely a girl as everybody loves her. 2. Mary is so lovely a girl that everybody loves.

易错点三:主语和谓语不一致的现象

e.g. 1.Tom is one of the students who likes swimming. 2. Tom is the only one of the students who like

swimming. 易错点四:与强调句及其他句型的混合

e.g. 1. Was it in the shop that you bought the recorder that you lost your pen?

易错点五:对先行词概念不明确

e.g. 1. Is this library that you visited yesterday? 2. Is this the library where you visited

yesterday? 易错点六:特殊名词作先行词时关系词的选取错误

e.g. 1. I don’t like the way which you speak to her. 易错点七:忽略that和which引导限定性定语从句的区别

e.g. 1. This is the most exciting football game which I have ever seen. (怎么改)

易错点八:介词前置出错

e.g. 1. Tell him all the things on which he should pay attention. (怎么改)

易错点九:which和whose意义不明确

e.g. 1. The book which cover is broken is of great help to all of us. 难点三.综合考查

近年来,高考对定语从句和其它从句如:强调句、

名词性从句和状语从句等的综合考查越来越多,这就要 求考生有扎实的基础知识和较强的综合分析能力。

综合考查一:定语从句与强调句

wherehat定语从句

1.This is the library_w_h_e_re_I borrowed the book.

2.It is from this library_t_h_a_t I borrowed the book.

3. ---Where did you last see Mr. Smith? 强调句型

---It was in the hotel____ I lived.

A. that

B. which

C. where

D. when 综合考查二:定语从句与同位语从句

that/which 1. We all have heard the news_t_h_a_t_ our

team won. 2. We don’t believe in the news _th_a_t_/_w_h_i_c_h/—

he told us yesterday. 对比训练

1. We should go to the place__B___ we are most needed.

2. We should go to the place__C___ needs us most.

A. it B. where C. that D. what 对比训练

1. It was October__C___we met in

Damiao for the first time.

2. It was in October__A___we met in

Damiao for the first time.

A. that

B. which

C. when

D. while 对比训练

1. He is such a good teacher__B___ we all like him.

2. He is such a good teacher_C____ we all like.

A. whom B. that C. as D. which

1.This is the scientist,whose name is known all over the country2.I have many friends,same of whom are teachers.3.Guilin is a city,which has a history of 2010 years.4.The days which/that I spent together with her are really unforgettable.5.Do you know the man who/whom I spoke.6.The place which/that interested me most was the children’s palace.7.I don”t like the way that you speak to me.8.The man with whom I was travelling did n’t speak English.9.The man who you are talking is in the next hum内容来自www.egvchb.cn请勿采集。

www.egvchb.cn true http://www.egvchb.cn/wendangku/z2s/f2cg/jf4f17bbed1v/k26fff705cc1755270722192e5985l.html report 35634 因转码可能存在排版等问题,敬请谅解!以下文字仅供您参考:the Attributive Clause 定语从句复习1.定语从句类型限定性定语从句 非限定性定语从句 有逗号隔开关系代词 6个 2.定语从句关系词 关系副词 3个关系代词 that which who whom whose as关系副词 when where why 怎样判断一个从句是不是定语从句 概念:定语从句又叫形容词性从句,即一个句子修饰一个名词的结构The boy who go
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