《新编简明英语语言学教程》第二版 练习题 参考答案

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第二版的第一,三,六,七,十,十二章增添了新的内容,提出了一些大的变化,如第三章的各个部分有较大的帧结构调整,个别文字勘误和改进的其他部分制成。练习做了一些更新和补充。另外,第二版增加了一个新的章节,每一章选择后面附上三个或四个阅读书目。推出第二版的序言中,我希望能帮助你www.egvchb.cn防采集请勿采集本网。

《新编简明英语语言学教程》第二版 练习题 参考答案

Chapter 1 Introduction

第二版在第一、三、六、七、十、十二章都增加了新的内容,作了一些比较大的改动,个别章节如第三章的框架结构有较大的调整,其他章节作了个别文字勘误和改进。对练习作了一些更新和增补。此外,

1. How do you interpret the following definition of linguistics: Linguistics is the scientific study of language.

提供语言学的基础理论知识,介绍半个世纪以来语言研究的各个领域所取得的重要成果,并对音系、句法、语义—即语言研究的三个层次、英语的历史演变、语言与社会的关系、母语习得和第二语言学习等

答: Linguistics is based on the systematic investigation of linguistic data, conducted with reference to some general theory of language structure. In order to discover the nature and rules of the underlying language system, the linguists has to collect and observe language facts first, which are found to display some similarities, and generalizations are made about them; then he formulates some hypotheses about the language structure. The hypotheses thus formed have to be checked repeatedly against the observed facts to fully prove their validity. In linguistics, as in any other discipline, data and theory stand in a dialectical complementation, that is, a theory without the support of data can hardly claim validity, and data without being explained by some theory remain a muddled mass of things.

不好意思,我们用的不是这本书,不管是哪本书,到最后老师都会提示重点啊,就是给你复习的范围,一般都会有单词,就是你们学过的单词,然后就是上课上老师讲过的课后练习题,还有简短的作文等,

2. What are the major branches of linguistics? What does each of them study?

戴伟栋的对吧,这个我有,留下你的邮箱吧,我发过去给你,你考英语研究生吧,祝你好运

答: The major branches of linguistics are:

不可能啊,我已经买到了,而且书店里超级多的。答案很多啊,你想要我把整本书都打字给你吗?我没有电子版或者扫描版本的。

(1) phonetics: it studies the sounds used in linguistic communication;

(2) phonology: it studies how sounds are put together and used to convey meaning in communication;

(3) morphology: it studies the way in which linguistic symbols representing sounds are arranged and combined to form words;

(4) syntax: it studies the rules which govern how words are combined to form grammatically permissible sentences in languages;

(5) semantics: it studies meaning conveyed by language;

(6) pragmatics: it studies the meaning in the context of language use.

3. In what basic ways does modern linguistics differ from traditional grammar?

答: The general approach thus traditionally formed to the study of language over the years is roughly referred to as “traditional grammar.” Modern linguistics differs from traditional grammar in several basic ways.

Firstly, linguistics is descriptive while traditional grammar is prescriptive.

Second, modem linguistics regards the spoken language as primary, not the written. Traditional grammarians, on the other hand, tended to emphasize, maybe over-emphasize, the importance of the written word, partly because of its permanence.

Then, modem linguistics differs from traditional grammar also in that it does not force languages into a Latin-based framework.

4. Is modern linguistics mainly synchronic or diachronic? Why?

答: In modem linguistics, a synchronic approach seems to enjoy priority over a diachronic one. Because people believed that unless the various states of a language in different historical periods are successfully studied, it would be difficult to describe the changes that have taken place in its historical development.

5. For what reasons does modern linguistics give priority to speech rather than to writing?

答: Speech and writing are the tw

新编简明英语语言学教程第二版 学习手册链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1GEaXYH0qNs7jnRgBhVimXA提取码:lco1内容来自www.egvchb.cn请勿采集。

www.egvchb.cn true http://www.egvchb.cn/wendangku/z5s/f5ag/jb13acf6137v/kee06eff918c2l.html report 4697 《新编简明英语语言学教程》第二版 练习题 参考答案Chapter 1Introduction1. How do you interpret the following definition of linguistics: Linguistics is the scientific study of language.答:Linguistics is based on the systematic investigation of linguist
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